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Second Chance Wildlife Inc.Bear Rehabilitation, Research & Release.

UPDATE: Calendars should be in any day now!

ME WITH MY SPECIAL LITTLE BRAVE ON 4-5-14
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Contact information:

My email is: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net   Home phone  : 207.778.2902  Cell 207.578.0616

Dawn L. Brown

Maine bear rehabilitator, and behavioral researcher

Second Chance Wildlife Inc.

90 Mountain Road

New Sharon Maine 04955  

    

"Little Liberty" 2015 Cub of the Year
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She is doing Great!

WATCH THIS VIDEO LINK "MY LITTLE FORAGER "BEAR CUB LIBERTY"

VISIT MY FACEBOOK PAGE!FOR ALL THE LATEST NEWS!

Check out my youtube channel: Bear cub & yearling rehabilitation,research = documented care ,developmental behavioral patterns, and torpor behavior too..

Visit this link too: Us Building my beautiful Bear Facility + upkeep and more...

Well everyone I Finally  received a letter from the IRS 10+ months later - After I,Having sent them a letter August 29,2014. The letter States that regarding my/the Tax exempt status ;they have no record of it being recognized as an exempt status 501(a).Say what? the letter said if I would like to apply - to complete 1023? Yes ,I did that in the past..I also  have copies of my 990-N files. I also had just noticed on the letter that The IRS had sent me ;That they did NOT get my  EIN # correct ugh!  I recently notified my accountant about this. Okay everyone - I had spoken with the IRS on the phone prior , and I certainly voiced my opinion of them,and I was not initially blaming the individual that  I, was speaking to on the phone ,but I did say to her - that I find them interesting ...I am not a fan of the IRS to begin with,and I think I have made myself pretty clear about that,and NO I do not think everyone in the IRS is corrupt ,but I do believe a great deal Is!  I sent my accountant the letter ;that I had received , and I am pretty much just taking one step at a time.The letter did contain some information - I had requested in reference to private organization,... I,had  brought up that if I stay a public organization,that description would stay - only in reference to I, educating the general public about what I do: presentations + social media = my fb & website "bear rehabilitation and behavioral research,..., and too I noted ;that I am not open to the general public = This is my private land, and private facility = clearly for the bears benefit = not open to the public! I want to make it clear to everyone out there - that I am not a political correct believer , but take note: I am honest ,and anyone whom wants to question me about anything - please do so! I did say to the individual, whom I spoke to with /The IRS ;that I personally believe the IRS should be abolished - just my opinion/freedom of speech. I get tired of bureaucracy ,and I am pretty sure you are all very well aware of that.

I will say that this individual I did speak with from the IRS - Stated that the letter was incorrect  in reference - to saying that the organization did not have tax exempt status. my question to the IRS -  was clear in the letter that I had sent them prior. I did mention possibly just getting done with the public organization , and she said that I would odds are have to pay back the monies that I received that were donated  i.e. I received monies/grant funding for : my smaller bear pen/facility (Built in 2002 = $2,300.00)

 (I received monies /MOHF Grant Funding towards material cost + an administrative fee - For fencing in my 2/3 acre bear enclosure (built in 2006) material cost = $3,517.00 I gave all receipts to Sandy Ritchie -  fence post,tightlock deer fencing,electric line,insulaters..= strictly materail cost to fence in my 2/3 acres. Administrative fees were + $390.00 - I am going to send the mohf a check paying them back/cost of material - either this year /or the beginning of next, and they can give those monies to someone else ) ( work ,and maintenance is done by me & my husband Michael) (I also received grant monies in the past for material cost - 4 small pens + grant monies for : The initial cost of  2 satellite collars.I now pay all accruing cost to do with my 2 satellite collars to keep them up & running with no grant monies = I do not want any state /or federal monies )    

I have received most of my donations through private donors,and that is preferred = I do not want any government monies. I certainly have to look into everything though . Take note: The physical work done + all maintenance - has nothing to do with the grant monies at all/or any other monnies. They didn't build it! I would just as soon have the donations for now on - going completely, and specifically towards me educating the public about bears , immediate care supplements.., satellite collars - for  my bears that are released back to the wild, and too - for paying myself ,and yes my husband for the physical work that we do in reference to my facilities, and the education I do.... i.e. I spend a great deal of time with caring for bears..= It isnt all about just my facilities ,I educate the public, and I too observe bear development, and behavioral patterns,and I keep all the books..I gather natural food, and help with the construction ,and upkeep of my facilities,and any additional construction ,and maintenance. My husband helps me with the construction ,and upkeep of my facilities, and sure will continue ,and I certainly regard him ,and he will help me on occasion with gathering natural food,but he too knows ;that I kind of take pride in doing that = I am the primary gatherer for the most part . I wish people would understand me better ,and I often get tired of repeating myself. Some do understand me out there and know  why I react the way I do - there is always a reason.As I said before - I could care less if all my communications were exposed.  

The facts! This Is an educational Environmental educational Link.

Me & my Brave
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The Bear Facts

Me & My Husband Michael & Our Tracker pup
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Out on our land - Back Woods
(NOT A CENTER)"Private facility" I/we own land, and I now have 5 acres fenced in, and look forward to fencing in more!  
(Not Run /Or Operated By The Government,nor guided by them)
(Not a union Member)(Not a special interest group)(I do not want government /or special interest monies) (I prefer private donations with no strings attached)I like to think that in reference to MDIFW biologist - We have an understanding of one another,and I want to make it clear - that they do not run me /or make decisions for me - I like to believe - that  we learn from one another. What I do, and what they do, are two completely different things = I rehabilitate bear cubs,yearlings + I document their development and behavioral repetitive patterns , foraging techniques.. I too document torpor behavioral patterns - for when I have the opportunity to do so. Some of the bears - I have had - are placed with satellite collars - so I can watch them - as well as the dept/MDIFW and a few others - It would be nice to have the public be able to view them too,but there is just a bit of concern with that (I have 2 satellite collars as of now ,and MDIFW now has 8 satellite collars) (MDIFW keeps track of bear #'s for the most part and too tracks individual bears with satellite as well as I and others whom have that opportunity + MDIFW does den checks + spring trapping - keeping track of reproduction,health..) (Where as I keep track of individual bears in my natural habitat facility - I care for them + observe, and document everything that I am able to witness) MDIFW keeps bear (#s)stable and in tact = wildlife management - that being something - that is absolutely critical and necessary ( whereas the orphaned and/or injured bears that I receive - do not really add to the overall population at all = they already existed within it,but it is the humanitarian thing to do,and + has given me insight into the daily lives of cubs, and yearlings + I have shared my insight with the public through social media - that being my fb page,you-tube Chanel + I like to do presentations. Maine has between 29,000/31,000 bears = the # of bears that I receive is near nil.
Take Note: I do not interfere with MDIFW management of bears - nor do I think it is my place to tell them how bears should be manged,and what tools - for that is not my expertise , and they have 40 years of experience with doing so. They need to not ever interfere with the work - that I do with bears - for it is not their expertise - It is mine,and I now have years of experiance. We have had a few glitches from time to time, and they know and understand why that is , and all I can say - Is that we simply have to create some sort of an understanding of one another. I will always openly say what I mean = I hide pretty much nothing! It may get me into trouble on occasion,but I am pretty darn honest and fearless too,and I expect the same from others. Many of the biologist , Wardens, and the public - are well aware of my opinions,but it is not just opinions - it is indeed based on backed up facts - that I have gathered, and all I ask from others - is that you live your life and let me live mine. When it comes to bears - that are in my care and observation - I am confident with my knowledge and what I do,and I would appreciate it - if bureaucracy,special interest...Would simply leave me alone, and let me do what I do best.       
 I,Dawn L. Brown have been a Maine licensed wildlife rehabilitator since 1997: My knowledge and insight has come from time! Over the past 18 + YEARS: of caring for wildlife  - observation , and I gotta say - not only of wildlife species ,but it seems as though people too, and I continue this /life long experience - MY KNOWLEDGE DID NOT COME INITIALLY  FROM MY TESTING TO GAIN A LICENCE  (My wildlife rehabilitation permit/Bear rehabilitation Research & release)  was acquired through: The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries & Wildlife.
 
I/Dawn L. Brown  am the Founder, President & Executive Director, and Primary Caretaker,and I Run Second Chance Wildlife, Inc. Private Facility on : My Land & My husbands. + I/We = Me & my husband pay The Mortgage + Insurance = Name schedule on the morgage + home / property Ins.
Dawn L. Brown
Michael R. Brown
(New Sharon property : My/Our Home & Property + Ins. + taxes does come out of my/our morgage payments.
Name schedule
Dawn L. Brown
Michael R. Brown    
 
Utilities /Electric CMP - Bill Is sent to: Michael R. Brown - All Cost is paid by him & I  - with our personal checking account =  Name schedule on our personal checking account :
Dawn L. Brown
Michael R. Brown
 
State & Federal tax returns - Name schedule:
Dawn L. Brown
Michael R. Brown
 
The reasoning I put this information out there - Is to set the record straight - for anyone out there whom may be confused..(We own our home & private land,and pay taxes,and other cost with our personal monies) 
 
I Dawn L. Brown feel very blessed having the opportunity to observe and document Bear cub development & behavior over the years, and  to have 5 acres of natural habitat thus far for "my bears" Yes I call them my bears. I will continue to learn ,as well as others who are inspired by this amazing species. I absolutely love talking about bears and being asked questions.
My Email Is: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net & My Home Phone 207.778.7902 Cell 207.578.0616  
(I will no longer be rehabilitating other species.My time and effort will be strictly focused on rehabilitating bear cubs,and yearlings and documenting their behavior and development while in my care on my property,and too working on my facilities /building and maintenance/upkeep.I spend time updating my fb site,website/ educational outreach + I will do presentations for anyone whom wants to learn about bears - In regard to what I do (I will also sell my photos,calendars /products to raise some monies for my bears through PayPal ,and at presentations that I do.Take Note : I pay out of pocket = my persoanl monies for most all the cost to print products/cards,calendars , envelopes..) I  keep track of all paperwork... 
NOTE: I will be paying myself a portion -  FOR MY CAREER /THE WORK I DO WITH BEARS - FOR BEARS! last year In 2014 Is the 1st year;that I ever paid myself anything = my monies /my work/my earnings , and a great deal of that - even ends up going to the/my bears (Total: 2014 ~4000) ( Total thus far: 2015 ~1300)
 I too will eventually be paying  my husband Michael for the work he does in reference to helping me build my additional bear facilities NOTE:  I had not paid Myself,or him  for any of the construction,maintenence work done in past years .  Not only did I/we build my bear facilities = physical work,upkeep..  (I too keep track of everything to do with any monies/cost ,expenditures.. In which I clearly will always list!)   
   

Buy 6 Bear notecards for $20.00

I RECEIVED "STORM" 1-30-15 WEIGHING ONLY 12 LBS.
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THIS PHOTO TAKEN ON: 2-19-15

Me with some past little cub arrivals
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up in my bear building/cub room

Thanks to all whom have donated!

3-1-13 (4) cubs of the year arrived
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All cubs I received from biologist in 2013 went in with surrogate sows

ABOUT US

IRS LETTER

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)
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PHOTO: 2-15-15 BLIZZARD WEIGHT GAIN 4 LBS WEEKLY
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BLIZZARD FEMALE YEARLING 16LBS. ON 1-22-15 WHEN I RECEIVED HER

Official PayPal SealPLEASE DONATE IF YOU CAN!:o)
To mail a donation send to:
Dawn L. Brown
Second Chance Wildlife, Inc.
90 Mountain Road
New Sharon Maine 04955
Phone: 207-778-2902   Email: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net
 

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1-30-15 "STORM" THE YERALING 12 LBS. FEMALE

PHOTO OF STORM YEARLING 2-15-15
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I RECEIVED HER ON: 1-30-15 WEIGHING ONLY 12 LBS.
BLIZZARD HAD A FEW QUILLS REMOVED NEAR HER LEFTEYE
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BLIZZARD FEMALE YEARLING 16LBS. ON 1-22-15 WHEN I RECEIVED HER
I HAVE BLIZZARD & STORM IN ONE OF MY SMALL PENS
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THEY EACH HAVE SEPERATE DENS,AND SEEM TO HAVE LITTLE INTEREST IN ONE ANOTHER.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2015 NEW ARRIVALS :1-22-15 "BLIZZARD" A FEMALE YEARLING WEIGHING 16 LBS.ARRIVED;NOT ONLY WAS SHE UNDERWEIGHT-SHE TOO HAD PORCUPINE QUILLS NEAR HER LEFT EYE - I TOOK HER TO THE VET 2X'S,AND SHE IS FAIRING WELL- I HAVE BEEN GIVING HER TERRAMYCIN FROM THE VERY BEGINNING - SHE HAS RECOVERED COMPLETELY,AND I HAVE BEEN SUPPLEMENTING HER WITH IMMEDIATE CARE SUPPLIES,HER ALONG WITH ANOTHER SMALL YEARLING ;THAT I RECEIVED ON: 1-30-15 NAMED "STORM" A FEMALE YEARLING ONLY WEIGHING 12 LBS. THESE BEARS WERE UNDER WEIGHT AND IN NEED OF IMMEDIATE CARE; I AM HAPPY TO SAY THAT BOTH OF THEM ARE DOING VERY WELL :o) I HAVE MORE POSTED ON MY FB PAGE ABOUT THE RESCUE...

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UPDATE: THE IRS HAD RECEIVED MY CERTIFIED REGISTERED LETTER ON: SEP 2,2014,AND I AM STILL WAITING FOR A REPLY FROM THEM?! My apologies for some very minor typos/spelling..I corrected.

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"BRAVE"
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MY MAINE BEAR CUB PHOTOS

Brave & Freedom foraging,and resting...
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I have been documenting repetitive natural foraging skills+other cub instinc behavior patterns

11-3-14 Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In!
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MY SMART INSTINCTIVE BEARS - AWESOME DEN :o)

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SURVIVOR
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Photo Zone :o)

UPDATE: Hi Everyone, My interenet provider: hciwireless - will no longer be carrying email service after the New Year - So I now have another email - It Is: dawnlindabrown@earthlink.net 

April 5,2014 Brave cub arrived weighing 6 lbs.
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How she has developed.She has been foraging on acorns balacing on oak limbs, up in the canopy :o)

SHIRTS IN STOCK & PHOTOS,NOTE CARDS :o)

12-15-13 Survivor active in morning-ate snow...
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2013 CUBS SURVIVOR FOREST SPRUCE - NEST DEN
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11-27-13 It was 31 degrees/ wind-chill

 

 
Repedative behavior...Looking back at just a tiny bit of past bear cub data/Notes ; that  I had observed during torpor..©Dawn L. Brown - bear observations - research data“Survivor” “Forest” “Spruce” Torpor setting in... They continue to show similar traits, attributes as other bears; that I have had during this seasonal time frame. I just took this pick early this a.m. 11-27-13 It was 31 degrees/ wind-chill same=warmer than yesterday, another dusting of light snow/ice covered landscape. As the morning went on ;heavy rain arrived, with southeast winds-They were sound asleep at the base of the oak on the South side, curled-up in their beautiful nest den; that they have been working on; they made it even bigger since yesterday. One bear; I believe it to be Forest, had raised his head and sniffed the air, and then quickly the other 2 ,and they immediately got startled and treed. I hope it was not because I was taping/video recording, I was zooming in, and too very quiet, but bears even when torpor are still are alert, and will be on guard. I quickly left, and do not believe they knew I was even there, but I will post some video soon. I am very happy with the way they are behaving, and how they are using their natural instinctive behavior; they are amazing...I feel so blessed :o)

Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In
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11-2-14

Brave & Freedom Torpor setting In
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MORNING 11-3-14 THEY MADE AN AWESOME DEN!

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)
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The deer flies, mosquitos were bothering Freedom!
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She was diging for roots just prior to this photo I took :o)

"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)
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"BRAVE CUB" 2014 Cub of the year :o)
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Freedom arrived on:6-3-14 her weight 6-5-14=12lbs
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Brave & Freedom are developing & behaving simular to prior cubs I have observed over the years !

Update: Live stream video will be down - during severe thunder, and lightning storms - untill I find a remity.., though I have had  safeguards in place - I lost a dvr , and cams more than once. Though having power surge protectors, ground.. Lightning can indeed cause issues. I know, and if you ask anyone else whom has security/monitor cams, they too will probably say the same.. I HAD ORDERED A NEW DVR AND MORE CAMS ,AND THEY ARE IN! Hopefully bonding the cams during lightning season will prevent  additional problems = run copper line from connectors = camera to camera-being all connected, and to a ground, and /or grounds -thus hopefully preventing them from getting fried. It may take a bit to get everything up ,and running, and I am just going to have to be extra cautionary=the cams may not be running 24/7 during thunder storm season.. I too was told by an electrician; that even with all safeguards in place - lightning could still potentially cause damage. 


2015 annual report

2014 Annual Report filed

I had gone from 4 bottle feedings. to 3,to 2..
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On 3-27-13 (weights=1 female 2lbs,1 male 2-1/2 lbs,1 male 2-1/2 lbs)

2013 The cubs are growing...photo ęDawn L. Brown
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They will be staying In rehabilitation for a while..

ASSESSING THE SUCCESSFUL REINTRODUCTION OF REHABILITATED BEARS $5,836.00 Check issued 1-28-11/ monies are generated from lottery tickets, and nothing is taken from the general fund=no tax dollars from the people, but none the less it was a State check / Outdoor Heritage Fund awarded $5,826/2 satellite collars To: SECOND CHANCE WILDLIFE, INC. DAWN L. BROWN I appreciated the grant. Take Note Though: I will no longer accept any grant monies - because sometimes to many influences get involved. Most of the monies by far; that I have received thus far in donations-has now come from private donors, and that is exactly what I want = No Ties to government/State and or/ federal, unions , or special interest-funding/monies. I sent the IRS a certified letter on August 29,2014,and they received it on :9-2-14 I have not gained a response yet = months have gone by. I am In hope that they will comply/or should I say; that Indeed would be a wise decision on their part.

About Us: Me: Dawn L. Brown My husband: Michael R. Brown

Rick Libbey "Mooseman" I asked to be on SCWI board; He visits us 1 to 3 times a year and takes some photos of my cubs ,and donates 20% from the sales. http://moosemannaturephotos.com/

 
 
 
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 



I will do slide show presentations for those who would like to learn more about bears; I hope to educate others so that they will better understand the truths,and the myths about bears.If libraries,
Parks, Conservation Groups, Home Schooling  groups, Public Schools, Universities, Private Schools, Charter Schools, Schools of Faith, Churches, The Scouts, and any others whom are interested In learning about bear cub rehabilitation, development, and behavior, and bear conservation; I will gladly try to schedule a time frame that works. I do work for a living but I will do the best I can.




Immediate care 3 Male cubs arrived 5-29-12
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Weights: 5lbs,6 1/2lbs,7 lbs ( Cubs are doing well :o)
2012 bear cub rehabilitation
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3-20-12 (8/9 week old cubs)
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2012 autumn;the cubs are doing well :o)

2013
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I am pretty sure this Is "Spruce" Typically I go through video to be 100% sure

2013 more suppliments...
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Immediate care suppliments are costly..

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 








 (5) UNDERWEIGHT BEAR CUBS ARRIVED;Were tagged,weighed,measured on 1-8-13;They all gained weight-3 are very chub cubs,and 2 smaller but gaining..:o)  
(10-31-12 (1) male cub weighing 11½ lbs) (11-1-12 (1) male cub weighing 12 lbs) (11-19-12 (1) female cub weighing 16lbs)(11-21-12 (1) moose calf/cow underweight)(11-25-12 (1) male bear cub weighing 14 lbs) (12-21-12 (1)Female bear cub weighing 16lbs 
I am very happy to say that they seem to be doing well! One day at a time...I will update more Information soon...
2012 Total = (14 bear cubs (2) were soft released,and (2) that are almost yearlings are denning out in the woods/wild,(5) are in the smaller bear pen,and arrived late,and another one  just arrived December 21st;they were underweight and needed care.(5 bears are in the den box sleeping torpor) (2013(4) cubs arrived and surrogate sows were found for the cubs.I will only rehabilitate,and observe bears now.I will no longer rehabilitate cervids .Update:10-24-13 The deer have been released for over 2 months, they have been seen from time to time , and do not seem to skittish at all (1) In particular  ,but on a good note; they have been able to survive thus far out here on the Mtn. = I have seen them over 2 miles away out in the woods. ,and too they will show up in our yard under the apple trees, and out in the yard where we have imperial white tail clover growing - some other folks have seen the deer ,but the deer have not caused any issues as of yet; I tell folks to just ignore them, and they will eventually disperse. They seem to making a circle and using patterns/trails that are used by wild deer, and I a can only hope; that they will hook up, and stay with the wild deer, once yarding takes place, later in the season-I do not know what there fate will be, and I can only hope that they will make it through deer season, and stay out of trouble-I prefer to not put them back captivity ;because I believe it not necessary and would not be fare to the deer-It Is out my hands now- I rehabilitated these deer as a favor; having the area, and  they were bottle fed and raised by others during the early stages of development, but take note I certainly am not putting blame on anyone; because rehabilitation is not easy, and it is not a complete failure-for there are coyotes and bears around here and amazingly; they have been able to survive=they must be able to sense something/or another.   
My focus Is with bears, and that is all I will be rehabilitating, and I am starting to gain very positive results=they are often collard once released to the wild, and long term data is gathered ;thus enabling me to evaluate my rehabilitation methods, and if they are successful. It Is Time that has given me answers to these  questions. 
My vet had to suture this injured bear cub.
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Cub wounded warrior has healed and is doing great!
2012 bear cub rehabilitation
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7 bear cubs in 3 acre facility(7-16-12=6 month old cubs just being bears:o)
5-14-10
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23 lb Small bear yearling/ approximately 16 moths old
6-15-10 coplin in 3 acre pen foraging
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HE WAS RELEASED 6-17-10

I have received 40 bears over the year thus far in need of rehabilitation.To learn more go to this link.

Six bear cubs in the 3 acre pen:o) 2011
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Cubs resting in an Oak tree:Bear habitat "Bear cub rehabilitation"
Bur cub in smaller bear pen
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exhibiting wild cub behavior
Some supplement feeding can be necessary
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Puppy chow,esbilac,fast balance-G.I.,bene-bac,and it is also foraging too!
7-25-10 Bur cub way up in oak tree (3 acre pen)
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Second Chance Wildlife,Inc. Store! "BEAR ESSENTIALS"

Oxbow was released August 2011 at age 7 months
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6-24-12 satillite reading;This bear has given insight on cub release!Living life as a wild bear!

Satillite collars granted to SCWI from MOHF.
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Sundance & Brother just being wild bears.I am also able to check their local;latest reading 6-24-12





I have noticed over the years from placing bear cubs in a natural habitat that they have indeed had an opportunity to use their natural bear skills,and instincts, that they seem to visibly already have in place from the get go;the cubs simply needed an opportunity of being exposed to an environment that is similar to what bears in the wild have.The bear facilities give the orphaned cubs protection,and I truly believe that the mother sow intent is to protect the cubs rather than teach them.I am not saying that they may not learn from her at all ,but as I state documented  facts=thus being ; I have never had to teach the cubs how to climb trees,swim,or forage; they did this all on their own.Once bear cubs are placed in the 3 acre natural habitat rehabilitation facility;they are being exsposed to what bears need most;bear habitat, so that they can explore, and indeed use the skills, that they already have in place;they enhance their skills naturally.ALLOWING BEARS TO BE BEARS IS THE KEY:o)

"Bur Cub" 8-15-10 in a beech tree.
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8-16-10 Bur was released with a satellite collar,ear tagged,weight 44lbs. Healthy yearling weight!

Bur cub's winter den check on 1-10-11 (Downeast)
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Weight 30 lbs

10cc fast balance GI 3x daily
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Bur was in the: DownEast Study

2011 bear den study yearling report (100% Female Yearling Survival (17/17) Males, 15/26 (58%))

6-6-10 (7lb 4oz male cub)
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Dawn with the new arrival "BUR" the bear cub.

 

Rain=cubs & yearling bears going up in trees
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Cub Lubec

6-12-09 Lubec cub arrived weighing 10 lbs
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He was release 10-16-09 and did well living in the wild:o)

Blackberry Bushes thick in the smaller bear pen
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Cub Lubec liked the thick cover the pen provided

Keeping wild animals in need of rehabilitation WILD! Time gives experience,and teaches much on what to do ,and what not to do. Understanding wild animal behavior allows an animal to have human avoidance behavior (Take note:giving them space,leaves them not wanting anything to do with you=(avoidance),and in turn makes it aware to them that you want nothing to do with them either=keeping them wild.Though some wildlife rehabilitators may have a bit different view on this issue than I...to me, it is what seems to be working best over the long haul of experience.(I keep records,and believe it is critical to understanding what may be in the best interest of the animal.After the rehabilitation process,it is helpful when animals can be monitored collard,ear tagged,tattooed by biologist so we know what is working & what is not.


 

"Coplin" way up in the tree! 3 acre pen 5-18-10
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He is doing well=using his skills in the large enclosure,he forages & is still getting supplements.

23 lb yearling arrived 5-11-10 in need of care
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Smaller bear pen

Coplin was ear tagged & tattooed
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released 6-17-10
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The little male yearling bear named "Coplin" went into the 3 acre pen on 5-17-10


The 23 lb yearling was very lethargic for the first couple days. I have been feeding out supplements to help the little one along.I guess it  was quite an event for this little bear.He was located up in Rangeley/coplin plantation-John Cochese had called Game warden Reggie Hammond ,and had told him the bear was hanging around for a few days on his porch,and in his barn,and that it seemed hungry.There was quite a bit of food that this bear was getting into.The little bear had been caught eventually with a catch pole;that being a bit  of a process in itself,we were told.The little bear had been in the carrier for a while,and then on the road traveling too..by the time we had gone to pick him up in Farmington,the little bear seemed very tired,and under stress.The supplements I have been administering have turned him around completely within a few days. I have been monitoring  behavior, and health frequently, making sure everything is okay ;to the best of my ability=whenever we are not at work.I think the peacefulness,and the quiet where we are located has helped the little yearling relax, and heal too.Now that the Little bear "Coplin" seems to be  feeling so much better, we had moved him into the 3 acre pen on 5-17-10 ; so he can just be a bear! This little bear will be released once showing a bit of growth, while also gaining more strength;the 3 acre pen will help greatly with this process! 

Correspondence from biologist Randy Cross:Most bears that weigh over 20 lbs in the den do survive, by the skin of their teeth maybe, but they usually do make it. 40-50 lbs is closer to the average we've been seeing in recent years. Weight is only a relative measure of body condition - a 25 lber can be a little butterball or a skinny bear. This one appears to be more the latter.6-17-10 Coplin the bear was released back to the wild.He took off into the woods, and disappeared.There were lots of wild strawberries around; everywhere we had looked.On 5-11-10 Coplin weighed 23 lbs on arrival.On 6-17-10 Coplin weighed 48 lbs when released.

"Visit The Photo Zone too"

 

Biologist James Hall said the Bear cub was around a residence for about two weeks, no sign of the mother.He said the Cub was feeding in a commercial compost pile and was curled up on the individuals porch and stayed around the house for the entire period.He said the owner called an ADC agent and was concerned about the cub and wanted to know if he caught it would someone take care of it.He also added that the Cub was very tame, could walk right up to it.  Not aggressive at all, owner borrowed a catch pole, and enticed the cub with food & the cub came right over .No reported car/bear accidents or known shootings.  There are active blueberry fields nearby with bee hives, female could have been shot? The bear was picked up on the Dixie Road in South Lubec. Agent who picked up the cub was Dayrl  McCurdy.

-I would like to say thanks to Biologist Tom Schaffer who had first called about the little cub,James Hall,Daryl McCurdy, and all the other folks involved with wanting to help this little bear cub. 

This cub is still elusive even in the smaller pen,the only reason I am even able to get a photo is because it hides in the log whenever it hears something; I am able to take a quick photo at the entrance of the log.Just recently when there was a break in the weather,and while also outgrowing the hollow log; cub lubec is foraging, and resting in the blackberry patch. When the little cub goes into the large facility It will more difficult to monnitor its behavior, health...for it hides so much of the time.(Need more monitor cameras) If there was more than one cub in rehabilitation at this time, odds are they would be in the larger pen because I believe there would probably be a bit more visible cub activity.I am going to give this cub just a bit longer before the big move into the large pen, by also preventing any worries of any possible escape i,e, I have had very young cubs in the large pen prior, but they were raised from neonates and were larger than cubs in the wild (Biologist Randy Cross said Maine Cubs in the wild in June can weigh anywhere from 12 lbs to 17 lbs.) Cubs I  had started in rehab from neonates had weighed in the month of June were 36 lbs & 38 lbs big difference! These cubs were in the larger pen at a much younger age,as you will see if you view the website-these same cubs in the month of March weighed 13 lbs.      

A Note To The General Public:Bears will end up in your yard, near your home, or if you are camping; bears could possibly show up at your campsite:DO NOT FEED THE BEARS! Bear rehabilitation carries out a process of some supplemental feeding that may be necessary to help bear cubs,and/or yearlings that may be malnourished,and also when cubs may become orphaned,and may need just a bit of a boost in the beginning to help grow and develop properly. Here at Second Chance Wildlife a large % of a bears diet consist of what they would consume in the WILD! Keeping bears wild,and preventing conflicts between bears and people is crucial.If the general public ever comes across a wild animal that they feel may be in need of help/immediate care;do not go near it ! Call a Wildlife biologist and/or Game warden, Animal control officer, or a licenced Wildlife Rehabilitator who specializes in bears to help assess the situation, and make sure the animal is in need of care to begin with."If You Care Leave Them There" This little cub was in need of rehabilitation for it is believed to have been orphaned,little cub is doing very well! He goes into the hollow log, and hides when I go to feed him some supplements that are needed at this time.This cub is also forging in the smaller of the two pens, and has dug at the logs diligently,it also has made a couple day beds,and has runways through the blackberry bushes, this cub seems to have good cub behavior-the pen is thick with blackberry bushes,dandelion greens,grasses, small trees/logs... giving the little cub great cover.The cub just needs to do a bit of growing (Supplemental feeding consist of e.g. esbilac milk formula,puppy chow in a dish,fruit, while also foraging on greens,larvae....) bear cubs in the wild are weaned at approximately 5 months age from the mother sow.In rehabilitation I work on weaning cubs much earlier from the bottle.This little cub seems pretty content and docile while in the natural environment that is helping that exposes the cub to use its skills that are in place.It would be a bit better if there was another cub for "lubec" to be with; while in rehabilitation,but I am happy to say ;that little growing Lubec seems to have  good cub skills for being a single cub. I hope to be able to have the cub go into the 3 acre bear pen soon;then it will have the opportunity to climb tall trees,swim,forage on a variety of natural feed;letting me have an oppertunity to monitor the cubs potential skills,and behavior prior to release.On rainy days Cub Lubec has been in his log for the most part -the rainy weather has put a damper on him exploring...rain ,rain go away and come back another day!!! I have noticed that the cub has been dragging grasses into the log;making it a bit more comfortable,while adding more camouflage at the entrance of the hollow log.(good behavior).When the rain subsides you can see where the cub's activity is visible throughout the pen.(little cub territory) Take Note:As time went on  Lubec grew and developed amazingly well for being a single cub In rehab=he never seemed lonely, and too had kept his wild instinctive behavior.Lubec contributed very Good data during rehab and after being released to the wild at 9 months age=he had proved that he could successfully den up on his own, and wake up in the Spring, and do fine throughout the Summer into autumn= This rehabilitation process had worked well for this particular cub being released at 9 months age.     

Cub has been scratching at loggs!
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You can see where the cub made a day bed when not raining!

     

2006 Ice & Frosty
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Clibmbing oak tree Take Note:No leaves on trees/cubs are approximatltly 12/14 weeks age




 5 acres now fenced In.My Bear rehabilitation/temporary sanctuary for bears.This facility gives bears an opportunity to just be bears; while also preparing them  to return to the wild ! Having a chance to monitor bear behavior has  been rewarding -the learning never ends.

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Lubec in 3 acre pen photo 10-11-09
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Released into the wild on 10-16-09
2006 Ice & Frosty In rehab
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12 + weeks age (cubs can swim very young -pure Instinktive Behavior)
 
I have seen some of my data on another site on the web;being used without my permission.I advise other sites to delete it /or ask my permission
-Dawn L. Brown (I have been able to resolve this issue,after several correspondences= they did remove my data from their site,and I certainly appreciate them indeed making the correct decision )  photos,and Data, I have gathered over time, that is posted on my website, youtube channel,and fb page, and also data I gather from my live streaming/monitor  - Is not to be used without my permission © Dawn L. Brown   
No one can take credits for my data-It Is against the law.
BEAR CUB CARE: © Dawn L. Brown   
The cubs in my beautiful three acre pen,now have 2 more acres = 5 acres:o)  I must say that all the cubs I have observed over the years have had many abilities at a very young age; I document everything I witness . The cubs  were climbing trees, walking in the snow, and swimming, at a bit over three months of age,and ironically Ice & Frosty from 2006 once placed in an environment with trees & water had seemed to have development a bit faster physically with their skills; to swim,and climb trees, compared to even bear cubs that I have received at:4-5 months of age, that had been orphaned after had been out of their den with their mother sow=bear cubs in the wild may not disburse from their den In the Northern parts of the State; as late as the later part of April,and even into early May.though Ice & Frosty were attached/dependant to me, from having been raised from neonates,they too were exposed to the natural elements at an earlier age, thus proving they indeed have great skills/natural instinks in place when exposed to a natural Invironment.The biggest Task with neonates, for me has indeed been trying to figure out how to have them be instinctively wild mentally , not just physically= I noticed that by exposing the cubs to the wild elements at a very young age that they have unbelievable capabilities,and natural instincts in place! I too noticed that from having them from a neonatal stage, and having had to bottle feed every 2-4 hrs, in the beginning of their development; my presence made them feel secure and safe, but as far as them learning skills once they were exposed to the natural habitat enclosure; I was then more of an observer than a teacher. The cubs did not need me to teach them how to swim, climb trees, or forage. Were the cubs a bit scared when they were 50-60 feet up in a tree ? Yes! But they got down on their own without any help, and soon had no fear what-so-ever. As cubs I exposed them to a variety of natural foods. I ground acorns and hazelnuts, berries, larvae, and greens and mixed it in their formula. Not sure if this helped them to forage or not. I believe it would come naturally to them. Update: I know now over the years of experience that it Is pure instinctive behavior! I  continue to learn from this incredible species. In the wild, when cubs are with mother sow the biggest thing she does is protect and teach them to be cautious. A huge part of survival! In rehabilitation, cubs are not experiencing the same "dangers" that they would while in the wild with mother. Their innate survival skills are developed within the large natural enclosure. I have seen the cubs get startled and go way up in a tree (this is great human avoidance behavior). Some cubs are better at this than others. All have unique "animalities".Over time I will learn the most beneficial time to release bears (i.e., cubs or yearlings during active season or den season) Bears at Second ChanceWildlife, Inc. is to be reckoned for having one of the best natural habitat; bear rehabilitation facilities in the Country ,and the # goal is to have bears be returned to the wild,just being bears,and living their lives similar to other bears within the population:o)  
Cubs like Lubec that had been with the mother sow for a period of time i.e.,4+ months;he had held onto very wild traits/instincts, making an earlier release very promising for him (late summer? ,but fall/autumn release worked well) 
  • Very young neonatal cubs in rehab;I believe from experience should either go into a den  with a surrogate sow/ if the option is available, or be released into a pre-made winter den/or den box the following year,or be released at 16 months typical dispersement  from the mother sow in the wild.The reasoning for a later release? is because I have come to the conclusion that  if a bear sow cannot be found for surrogation the neonates ,then the  next best option is for neonatal cubs to stay in rehabilitation longer, so that they can  actually mature mentally,and develop their natural skills within the 3 acre bear natural habitat enclosure.Neonatal cub rehabilitation is difficult from the get-go ,and such young cubs can be imprinted; I/Dawn L. Brown continuously observe and document stages of development whenever the opportunity arises,and  too look at every option that is accessible to prevent them from becoming habituated to humans.Bear cubs such as  Lubec arriving at approximately 4 months, can do very well being released at  a younger age; because he had spent a bit of time with his mother in the wild too after exiting the den;this allowing him to gain complete human avoidance,and being very wild from the beginning.Take Note: Though he only weighed 10 lbs on arrival he was exposed to a complete natural environment.My goal is to duplicate this as much as feasibly can be done while cubs are in rehabilitation under my care. 
  • Positive outlook for neonatal cubs, and/or bottle babies :As neonatal cubs once weaned have an opportunity to develop  in a 5 acre natural environment now; they can eventually develop mentally,and physically similar to bear cubs  in the wild; being given the oppertunity to exibit their skills/instictive behavior,and they will be released back to the wild successfully i.e.,yearling "Ice" and many others; having been eleased  into a winter den the following year has proved to be very effective,and had created a successful release; by her spending time out in the wild prior to waking, seems to have been a + too :o)     


      

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